What Is the Subject Verb Agreement Rule When These Are Used in Sentences

Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental rule in the English language that dictates that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree with each other in terms of number. This rule ensures that the sentence is grammatically correct and easy to understand.

The subject of a sentence is the person, thing, or idea that is performing the action. The verb, on the other hand, is the action that is being performed by the subject. The subject and verb must match in number, meaning that if the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural.

For instance, consider the sentence “The dog barks loudly.” In this sentence, “dog” is the subject, and “barks” is the verb. Since “dog” is singular, the verb “barks” is also singular. Thus, the sentence is grammatically correct.

Similarly, if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. For example, “The dogs bark loudly.” In this case, “dogs” is the subject, and “bark” is the verb, and both are in the plural form.

However, sometimes sentences can be a bit more complicated. For example, in a sentence where there are two or more subjects, the verb must agree with the subject that is closest to it.

For instance, consider the sentence “The cat and the dog are running in the park.” In this sentence, “cat” and “dog” are both subjects, and “are” is the verb. Since both subjects are in the plural form, the verb is also plural.

Another common source of confusion is when the subject is a collective noun, such as “team,” “group,” or “family.” In such cases, the verb must agree with whether the collective group is considered as a single entity or a group of individuals.

For example, consider the sentence “The family is going on vacation.” In this sentence, “family” is the subject, and “is” is the verb. Since the family is considered as a single unit, the verb is singular.

However, if you were to say “The family are arguing about where to go on vacation,” the verb must be plural because the family is being portrayed as individuals.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a crucial rule in the English language that ensures that sentences are grammatically correct and easy to understand. Understanding this rule makes it easy to avoid common errors when writing or speaking, and it also helps in enhancing clarity and coherence in communication.